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Bullying Research

  • Aggression in the Schools: Bullies and whipping boys, by D. Olweus, 1978
  • Bullying among Australian school children: Reported behaviour and attitudes to victims, by K. Rigby and P.T. Slee, 1991 (Source)
  • Bullying at School: What we know and what we can do, by D. Olweus, 1993
  • Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention, by D. Espelage and S. Swearer, 2004
  • Can We Reduce Bullying by Improving Classroom Management?, by E. Roland and Galloway, 2004
  • Childhood Bullying and Teasing, by D. Ross, 1996
  • Children and bullying: How parents and educators can reduce bullying at school, by K. Rigby, 2008
  • Classroom influences on bullying, by E. Roland and Galloway, 2002 (Source)
  • Examining the social environment of middle school students who bully, by D. Espelage, K. Bosworth, and T. Simon, 2000
  • Factors associated with bullying behavior in middle school students, by D. Espelage, K. Bosworth, and T. Simon, 1999
  • Peer networks and bullying in schools, by C. Salmivalli, A. Huttunen, & J. Lagerspetz, 1997
  • Peer processes in bullying and victimization: An observational study, by W. Craig & D. Pepler, 1995
  • Safe by Design: Planning for Peaceful School Communities, by S. Miller, J. Brodine, & T. Miller
  • Tackling bullying in your school: A practical handbook for teachers, by P.K. Smith & S. Sharp, 1994
  • What can be done about school bullying? Linking research to educational practice, by S. Swearer, D.L. Espelage, T. Vaillancourt, S. Hymel, 2010
  • Adult Health Outcomes of Childhood Bullying Victimization: Evidence from a 5-Decade Longitudinal British Birth Cohort, by R. Takizawa, B. Maughan & L. Arseneault, 2014 (Source)
  • Bullying among young adolescents: The strong, the weak, and the troubled, by J. Juvonen, S. Graham, M. Schuster, 2003
  • Bullying behaviors among U.S. youth: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment, by T.R. Nansel, M. Overpeck, R.S. Pilla, W.J. Ruan, B. Simons-Morton & P. Scheidt, 2001
  • Book: The ABCs of Bullying Prevention: A Comprehensive Schoolwide Approach, by Kenneth Shore, Psy.D. (Source)
  • Book:  ASCA National Model: A Framework for School Counseling Programs: 3rd edition (Source)
  • Book:  Cyber Kids, Cyber Bullying, Cyber Balance, by Barbara C. Trolley and Constance Hanel (Source)
  • Bullying in Schools: School Counselors’ Responses to Three Types of Bullying Incidents, by Kristen E. Jacobsen and Sheri Bauman, PhD, 2007 (Source)
  • Empowering Students: Using Data to Transform a Bullying Prevention and Intervention Program, by Anita Young, PhD, Valerie Hardy, M.Ed, Christina Hamilton, M.Ed. Kristen Biernesser, M.S., Li-Lin Sun, M.S., Susan Niebergall, M.S., 2009
  • How to Help a Bully: Recommendations for Counseling the Proactive Aggressor, by Charles R. McAdams, III, Ed.D. and Christopher D. Schmidt, Ph.D., 2007
  • Identifying Victims of Bullying: Use of Counselor Interviews to Confirm Peer Nominations, by Victoria Phillips and Dewey G. Cornell, 2012
  • Perceptions of Bullying and Trauma During Adolescence, by JoLynne V. Carney, PhD, 2008 (Source)
  • School Counselors and the Cyberbully: Interventions and Implications, by Julia S. Chibbaro, Ph.D., 2007
  • Using Problem-Based Learning with Victims of Bullying Behavior, by Kimberly R. Hall
  • An implicit theories of personality intervention reduces adolescent aggression in response to victimization and exclusion, by D.S. Yeager, K. Trzesniewski & C.S. Dweck, 2013 (Source)
  • Bullying and Cyberbullying: What Every Educator Needs to Know, by E.K. Englander, 2013
  • Does high self-esteem cause better performance interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles?, by R.F. Baumeister, J.D. Campbell, J.I. Krueger & K.D. Vohs, 2003
  • Evaluating the effect of educational media exposure on aggression in early childhood, by J.M. Ostrov, D.A. Gentile & A.D. Mullins, 2013 (Source)
  • Media exposure, aggression and prosocial behavior during early childhood: A longitudinal study, by J.M. Ostrov, D.A. Gentile & N.R. Crick, 2006
  • Mindset: The new psychology of success, by C.S. Dweck, 2006 (Source)
  • Mindsets that promote resilience: When students believe that personal characteristics can be developed, by D.S. Yeager & C.S. Dweck, 2012
  • Nobody Left to Hate, by E. Aronson, 2001
  • Ostracism: The Power of Silence, by K. Williams, 2002 (Source)
  • Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment, by N. Crick and J. Grotpeter, 1995 (Source)
  • Relational Aggression in Early Childhood, by Crick, Ostrov, Appleyard, Jansen, and Casas (Source)
  • The Belief in a Just World: A Fundamental Delusion, by M. Lerner, 198o (Source)
  • The far-reaching effects of believing people can change: Implicit theories of personality shape stress, health, and achievement during adolescence, by D.S. Yeager, R. Johnson, B. Spitzer, K. Trzesniewski, J. Powers & C.S. Dweck, 2014
  • The Foundations of the Resiliency Framework, by B. Benard (Source)
  • Violent pride: Do people turn violent because of self-hate, or self-love?, by R.F. Baumeister, 2001
  • Vulnerable but Invincible: A Longitudinal Study of Resilient Children and Youth, by E. Werner and R. Smith, 1982, 1989
  • When Brute Force Fails: How to Have Less Crime and Less Punishment, by M. Kleiman, 2012
  • Youth Voice Project: Student Insights into Bullying and Peer Mistreatment, by S. Davis and C.L. Nixon, 2013 (Source)
  • Parents and Social Media, by Maeve Duggan, Amanda Lenhart, Cliffe Lampe, and Nicole B. Ellison, 2015 (Source)
  • Teens, Social Media and Technology, by Amanda Lenhart, 2015 (Source)
  • Teens, Technology and Romantic Relationships, by Amanda Lenhart, Monica Anderson and Aaron Smith, 2015 (Source)

Note: We urge people to use research about negative outcomes of bullying behavior with care. Inundating youth with predictions of inevitable and severe negative outcomes can have unintended negative effects, including developing a sense of helplessness in bullied youth. In addition, fear-based messaging to youth, involving prediction of rare, severe outcomes, has been largely ineffective in many areas of prevention.

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